Cantonment Board Jalandhar is a local self Govt. body corporate under Ministry of Defence. Cantonment Boards are governed by provisions contained in Cantonments Act 2006. Cantonments are notified by Central Govt. wherever there is a civilian population intermingled with armed forces. Jalandhar Cantonment Board being a deemed municipality looks after the municipal and civic functions under the Cantonments Act and various rules such as Cantonment Account Code 1924, Cantonment Fund Servants Rules 1937, Cantonment Land Administration Rules 1937, Cantonment Property Rules 1925 and Cantonment Electoral Rules 2007. It is the endeavour of the present Board to provide sustainable development to the residents of the Cantonment, the focus being primary education, health, hygiene and sanitation.
Jalandhar Cantonment is one of the oldest Cantonments in India, the foundation of which was started in 1848 after the first Anglo Sikh war when the British settled in North India. The original scope of this Cantonment was limited to troops to quell disturbances from adjoining states for the maintenance of peace and order. Jalandhar Cantonment has traditionally housed Jalandhar Garrison. Its history dates back to 1865 when it was raised as Jalandhar Garrison by Colonel J.N. Bishop. In 1904, it was re-designated as Jalandhar Brigade under the command of Major Gen. JAH Pollock. Gen. REH Dyer of the notorious Jalianwala Bagh episode commanded it from 1917 to 1919. The first Indian Commander was Brig. Lakhwinder Singh, MBE who took over from Brig. RCB Bristow, OBE in 1947. The departure of British from India and subsequent partition of the country changed the complexion of the Cantonment. It has gained tremendous importance on account of its proximity to the border with Pakistan.
The Cantonment is located between the latitude 30 degree 18° and longitude 75 degree 37° of the South West and at a distance of 2 Kms. from Cantonment Railway Station and 5 Kms. from City Railway Station. It is situated beside Grand Trunk Road at a distance of 89 Kms. from Amritsar and 371 Kms. from Delhi. A Class-I airfield at Adampur is situated at a distance of 19 Kms. The airfield is linked with Jalandhar Cantt by rail and road.
Area & Population
Jalandhar Cantt is a Category II Cantonment with total area of 1521 Hectares including civil area. As per 2011 Census the total population of cantonment was 47,845.